Salzburg is one of the smaller provinces in Austria but despite its size, it is one of the most important regions for tourism. Tourists from all over the world have come to visit this unique region that is well-known for its beautiful nature in the Hohe Tauern National Park and the old city centre of Salzburg that has been included in the UNESCO World Heritage List in its entirety.
The Salzburgerland has a long cultural tradition. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart forms the highlight of its classical musical tradition. This tradition is still honoured by the Mozarteum University and the Salzburger Festival. This festival was established in 1920 and attracts thousands of art lovers from around the world every year. Not the music but mainly the theatre events form the basis for this festival's worldwide reputation. One of the most important attractions is the yearly theatrical performance on the Cathedral square of the “Jedermann” morality play, with the overwhelming Salzburger Cathedral in the background.
Places of interest in Salzburgerland
There are various enjoyable destinations for those who want to get to know the Salzburg state better. There is something for everyone. The available attractions range from ice caves to castles and palaces. Below is a small impression of the possibilities for experiencing the Salzburg region’s nature and culture.
The Salzburger Freilicht museum
The Freilicht open-air museum is situated 10 km from Salzburg in the middle of the Großgmain Unterberg nature reserve. 70 original buildings, authentic farms, and fragrant herb gardens have been rebuilt at this location. A variety of materials and products will introduce you to the many rural traditions and will guide you through Salzburg’s six centuries.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart made the city of Salzburg famous. A visit to the birthplace of this world famous composer is definitely worth the effort. Mozart was born in 1756 on the Getreidegasse on the 3rd floor. The house is now used as a museum in which famous pieces are displayed. You can view his violin, his concert violin and his piano in the museum. Various family portraits and letters from his family are also on display.
In the summer, the Salzburger Festival is very popular. This festival has been organised since 1920 and usually takes place from the end of July to the end of August. During this period, several shows, musical performances and theatre performances are organised in several locations. The drawback is that the tickets are often expensive and sold out half a year in advance.
These caves were created due to underground water that has worn the rock out for millions of years. These caves have frozen over, creating a unique ice cave system. The cave system stretches over 40 km. Like 100 years ago, visitors are provided with carbide lamps and the impressive ice figures are additional lit by the guide. The emphasis is on the natural preservation of this natural miracle whilst on this tour.
Hiking in Salzburgerland
Salzburgerland is well-known for its extensive hiking possibilities. The landscape consists of sloping hills around the lakes and green mountains with steep summits. Salzburgerland has more than 7200 km of marked hiking trails of which 30% is in a protected nature reserve. In the summer, over 50 cable cars are in operation, making hikes in the high mountains a possibility. There are also car-free valleys in which hiking buses are used to complete the hiking experience.
A visit to the Grossglockner, the highest mountain in Austria, can of course not be missed. It is every mountain hiker’s dream to have stood once on this summit, which is also referred to as “the roof of Austria”. The Großglockner was first climbed by a group of scientists, various pioneers and mountain guides in 1800. Experience with walking on ice grippers on steep terrain is required with regard to this tour. You also need to be familiar with this tour. This means the best thing you can do is to book a guided tour. This tour can also be booked via the “Tourismusverband Neukirchen” (Neukirchen Tourist Information Office).
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Cycling in Salzburgerland
There are 6000 cycling routes and mountain cycling paths in Salzburgerland. The routes vary between easy routes for families to several-day cycling trails for ambitious racing cyclists. The Salzburgerland cycling routes are associated with the Tauern, Mozart, and Salzkammergut cycling routes.
Salz and Seen route
This cycling route runs alongside lakes and salt mines and is one of the best routes for families with children. You can experience the beautiful hills that are interspersed by mountain lakes whilst travelling along this route. This route runs through the Tennengause Salzach valley and the Salzburger Alpenvorland using cycling paths and roads with little traffic. The route has a total length of 170 km and a difference in altitude of 620 m.
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